Rozwój osobowy. Próba konceptualizacji problemu w nawiązaniu do psychologii life-span
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The article is a proposal to recognize the criteria of personal development of an individual. Personal development is thought to be changing of point of reference an individual adopts towards the main spheres of life. With respect to this assumption as the criterion of personal development the type of point of reference can be used. There are singled out three stages of personal development: the first one, socialization, with the external, social point of view dominating; the second one - individualization, with the internal, subjective point of view, and the third, specific one, with the transpersonal perspective. At the first stage the meaning of lives is imposed on the individual, at the second it is constituated by the individual himself, and at the third stage the meaning of life is discovered by the individual in the whole context of his experiences. Personal development is thought to be grounded in post-formal thinking operations.