Zaburzenia samokontroli u dzieci z zespołem nadpobudliwości psychoruchowej
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The recent studies in neuropsychology and clinical psychology suggest that the essential dysfunction in ADHD is a deficit of executive functions: behavioural inhibition, working memory and planning. Executive functions are basic instruments of self-control and depend on the activity of prefrontal cortex. Executive functions deficits are responsible for typical symptoms of ADHD like difficulties in organization of activity, impulsiveness and difficulties in modulation of emotional reactions. This article shows the necessity to consider also the higher, personality, level of self-control in diagnosis and treatment of ADHD children. Self-image, self-esteem, accepted values, and other personality components if correctly developed can compensate to some degree the difficulties in self-control due to executive functions deficits.