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Modern vocational counselling is one of the key issues of labour pedagogy; it has been evolving towards career counselling, which in fact means gradually departing from the directive guidance. Thus, the paradigm of vocational guidance is changing into career counselling, which focuses on the lifelong development of individuals and supporting them at different stages of their lives to solve the problems of transitions between various roles. The features, characteristic to modern professional careers, such as: changeability, unpredictability, being non-linear, and mobility, result in the greater demand for the services providing lifelong career guidance/counselling - for the professionals, who are going to support and help people in the process of developing their own professional career. Career counselling, a great part of which is the professional career, deals with supporting and helping an individual to solve problems in uncertain conditions. Thus, in the following article, based on the subject literature, the ways of understanding it have been presented, as well as the terms connected with it, i.e. planning and managing one’s professional career. In addition to this, the article tries to define the process mentioned in the title and indicates the differences between the traditional vocational guidance and the modern career counselling, including their roles, models and goals.
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