Prężność u dzieci i młodzieży charakterystyka i pomiar - Polska skala SPP 18
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The article presents characteristics and measurement of a resiliency construct and psychometric properties of Polish scale to measure resiliency in children and adolescents - SPP-18. The scale consists of 18 items, rating on a 5-point rating scale (from 0 - totally disagree to 4 - totally agree). ln a sample comprised of 332 adolescents, aged 12-19 years (42,2% men and 57,8% women) 5-factor structure of the scale was revealed, which explained 63,8% of total variance. The internal consistency of the scale is satisfying, with Cronbach's alpha for the scale = 0,82 (from 0,76 to 0,87 for particular factors). The 4-week test-retest stability was high (r = 0,78). Results of SPP-18 correlate positively with extraversion, and negatively with neuroticism and agreeableness. They also link with coping strategies: positively with active coping and planning and negatively with behavioral disengagement, self-blame, denial and turning to religion.