In a small child education, an important place is occupied by the need to shape
active attitudes towards personal and public security as well as acquiring knowledge about
what favors and what endangers health. The article presents the results of a research conducted in the kindergartens in Bydgoszcz, concerning the assessment of safety rules compliance
by preschoolers in various interlocking contexts. The study covered such safety areas as: road
traffic safety, fire prevention, safety at the time of undertaking various forms of activity including play, safety in contact with plants, animals as well as medicines and chemical agents. As
a result of the collected research material analysis it was established that the level of safety rules compliance is generally high, and is differentiated by such factors as: family environment,
gender, local environment and educational and didactic conditions in a kindergarten.